Doctors can treat prostate cancer in several ways, depending on the cancer stage and other factors. Treatment can cure some cases. In other cases, people may live with cancer for years without it spreading or causing serious problems.
Anyone who has a prostate is at risk of developing prostate cancer, although this cancer becomes more common as people get older. The prostate is a small gland that produces seminal fluid and is part of the male reproductive system. It is located between the bladder and the front of the rectum.
Doctors diagnose most new cases of prostate cancer in males
People who receive a prostate cancer diagnosis should work with their doctor to determine the best course of action for their particular case.
This article discusses how curable prostate cancer is and outlines some available treatments.
The 5-year relative survival rate for local or regional prostate cancer is
If the cancer spreads to more distant parts of the body, such as the lungs, liver, or bones, the 5-year relative survival rate drops drastically.
Therefore, early diagnosis increases the chances of successful treatment.
For some people, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing may be beneficial in diagnosis. However, there is much
Experts recommend that people aged 55–69 years — including those with increased risk for the condition — discuss testing with their doctor and make a personal decision on whether they would like to undergo periodic testing.
PSA screening is typically not recommended for males aged 70 years or older.
If a person’s cancer has spread, doctors may still be able to cure it with aggressive treatment. However, the outlook is typically less promising than in earlier stages. Around
Stage 4 cancer
- keep the cancer under control
- manage the symptoms
- allow the person to have a good quality of life for as long as possible
In many cases, people can live with prostate cancer for years.
The exact treatment a doctor will recommend for prostate cancer depends on many factors, including the cancer stage and each individual’s situation.
In some cases of early stage prostate cancer, doctors may recommend active surveillance. This means they will monitor the cancer closely, performing a PSA blood test every
Repeated testing can provide much more information than a single PSA test and can help measure how quickly PSA levels are rising, if at all. For example, a PSA level that doubles in a year — even if it is within a range that doctors consider “normal” — can be more significant than an elevated level that is stable over time.
For some people, doctors may even suggest watchful waiting, a follow-up process that involves fewer tests. If a person develops new or different symptoms, they may then receive treatment. The aim is to manage symptoms rather than to cure the prostate cancer.
- surgery such as radical prostatectomy, which is the removal of the prostate
- radiation therapy, which involves using high energy beams or placing radioactive seeds in the prostate to target cancer cells
- hormone therapy to reduce levels of the hormone testosterone, which can fuel cancer growth
- chemotherapy, which involves using medications to kill rapidly dividing cells such as cancer cells
- targeted therapy, which involves using medications to attack cancer cells specifically
- immunotherapy, which can help boost the body’s natural defenses to target cancer
Many people with prostate cancer can expect to have a typical life expectancy. However, this depends on the stage of cancer and factors such as the person’s:
- overall health status
- treatment response
People with localized, low grade prostate cancer are
Doctors can often cure early stage prostate cancer. The 5-year relative survival rate for local or regional prostate cancer is
If the cancer has spread, doctors may be able to cure it with aggressive treatment, but the outlook is typically less favorable than it would have been in earlier stages.
People can live for many years with prostate cancer, as treatments can help them manage the cancer and its symptoms and maintain a good quality of life.