In 2022, liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer accounted for 2.2% of all new cancer cases in the United States. A person’s sex, age, or race may affect the probability of developing this cancer in their lifetime.
A note about sex and gender
Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article will use the terms “male,” “female,” or both to refer to sex assigned at birth. Click here to learn more.
According to the National Cancer Institute’s
Based on data from 2017–2019, 1.1% of people will receive a liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer diagnosis during their lifetime.
This article will discuss the prevalence and death rates for liver cancer by sex, age, and race.
There were 41,260 estimated new cases of liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer, which accounted for 2.2% of all new cancer cases in the U.S.
There were an estimated 30,530 deaths as a result of liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer. This accounted for 5% of all cancer-related deaths in 2022.
Males have a higher risk of developing liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer.
The risk of developing liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer increases with age.
Using data from 2019, the
The prevalence of liver cancer
|Prevalence (per 100,000 people)|
|Hispanic, any race||15.3|
|Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native||21.2|
|Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander||12.5|
According to the
The following table outlines the lifetime probability of developing liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer on the basis of sex and race:
|Males||1.6%, or 1 in 62 people||1.1%, or 1 in 89 people|
|Females||0.6%, or 1 in 173 people||0.5%, or 1 in 212 people|
The following table outlines the lifetime probability of dying from liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer on the basis of sex and race:
|Males||1.2%, or 1 in 83 people||0.9%, or 1 in 114 people|
|Females||0.5%, or 1 in 182 people||0.5%, or 1 in 219 people|
Why might these figures be the case?
Risk factors for HCC include:
The authors note that the prevalence of risk factors for HCC can differ according to a person’s race, ethnicity, and sex.
However, it is important to acknowledge that social determinants of health, such as poverty and environmental stressors, can lead to higher rates of risk factors for HCC in marginalized groups.
These risk factors can include smoking, having obesity, and alcohol use.
Additionally, marginalized groups and those who are socioeconomically disadvantaged may:
- have less access to cancer surveillance
- have less access to health insurance
- be less able to afford treatment
According to a recent research article from the Journal of Hepatology, 905,700 people received a liver cancer diagnosis and 830,200 people died from liver cancer globally in 2020.
Compared with other types of cancer, liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer is relatively rare, being the 13th most common type of cancer in the U.S.
The prevalence of liver cancer varies depending on a person’s sex, age, and race.