Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that can affect a person’s behavior. Combined type ADHD occurs when an individual has both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms.
ADHD is a behavioral condition that can feature a variety of symptoms. The three hallmark symptoms of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Depending on the symptoms a person has, a doctor can classify ADHD into three subtypes:
- predominantly inattentive ADHD, previously known as attention deficit disorder (ADD)
- predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD
- combined ADHD
In this article, we will discuss what combined type ADHD is, including its diagnostic features, related conditions, and treatment options.
As the name implies, combined type ADHD is when a person persistently presents with symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity. A person’s behavior
Evidence suggests that around 8.4% of children and 2.5% of adults in the United States have ADHD. In some children, it is not uncommon for characteristics of ADHD to begin as early as
Children with combined type ADHD
ADHD predominantly inattentive presentation
- difficulty paying close attention to details, which can result in careless mistakes
- difficulty maintaining attention
- an apparent lack of listening
- difficulty following through with instructions
- trouble with organization
- avoidance or dislike of tasks that require sustained mental effort
- tendency to lose items
- easy distraction
- forgetfulness in daily activities
ADHD predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation
- frequent fidgeting with hands or feet or squirming
- difficulty staying seated
- excessive running or climbing in children or extreme restlessness in adults
- problems engaging in activities quietly
- behaving as if driven by a motor
- excessive talking
- answering before a person has finished asking a question
- impatience or difficulty taking turns
- frequently interrupting or intruding on others
ADHD combined presentation
Combined type ADHD involves symptoms of both the inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive types.
Most people with ODD show symptoms of this condition before age 8. Some of the symptoms of ODD are:
- getting angry often and more easily than others
- becoming annoyed easily
- annoying other people intentionally
- fighting against rules adults have given
Some research suggests that children of parents with ADHD have a higher risk of ODD. Children who experience negative life events are also more likely to develop ODD.
Experts do not fully understand the exact cause of ADHD, but certain risk factors can increase the risk of developing the condition. One of the biggest risk factors is
- obesity or overweight prior to pregnancy
- high blood pressure during pregnancy
People who smoke during pregnancy are also more likely to have children with ADHD.
Additionally, babies with low birth weight or certain neonatal diseases are at a higher risk.
Are boys more likely to get ADHD?
Boys are generally more likely to receive an ADHD diagnosis than girls. In the past, this led researchers to believe that being male was a risk factor for ADHD.
But recent studies suggest that this difference has more to do with subjective social perceptions of gender. The criteria for ADHD symptoms relate to their presentation in boys. Girls are not likely to display the same symptoms as boys.
Additionally, girls typically face more social pressure to conform to certain behavior patterns. They are often better at developing coping strategies to mask their ADHD symptoms in public. The fact that more boys than girls receive a diagnosis may ultimately be a result of social bias.
In ongoing studies of ADHD, researchers hope to develop better strategies for identifying and diagnosing the condition in people of all genders.
Because there is no single test for ADHD, diagnosis requires a thorough evaluation. Medical professionals who may take part in this evaluation include:
- nurse practitioners
- clinical psychologists or social workers
Parents who suspect that their child may have combined type ADHD should visit their family doctor, who can refer them to the appropriate specialist for an assessment.
To meet the criteria for combined type ADHD, individuals must show a certain number of symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity for at least 6 months. These symptoms include:
- a tendency to lose or misplace necessary items
- forgetfulness of daily tasks
- limited attention span
- difficulty listening
- inability to sit still
- difficulty waiting
- excessive talking
While many people receive an ADHD diagnosis as children, it is also possible to receive a diagnosis later in life. The evaluation process is similar regardless of age, but the criteria for diagnosis may differ slightly between children and adults.
Treatment options for ADHD
For children with ADHD, treatment
A doctor may also prescribe medication to assist with managing ADHD symptoms. Medications for ADHD can include long-acting stimulants such as Adderall, short- and intermediate-acting stimulants such as Ritalin, or non-stimulants such as Strattera.
Individuals with ADHD
However, with the right support and treatment plan, a person can manage ADHD symptoms. Tools such as behavioral therapy, caregiver education, and medication can help make school, work, and relationships more manageable.
Combined type ADHD is one of three potential presentations of ADHD. It is the most common type. As the name suggests, it features a combination of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms. Individuals with ADHD may also experience comorbid conditions such as ODD.
Although experts do not yet know the cause of ADHD, people with a family history have a higher risk of developing the condition.
After a person receives a diagnosis, behavioral therapy and medications can help them manage ADHD symptoms. With the right diagnosis and support team, people with combined type ADHD can manage their symptoms and live a full and healthy life.