Triggers for acid reflux vary between individuals. Many foods can trigger acid reflux and heartburn, and garlic could be a contributing factor for some people.
Acid reflux may cause heartburn — a burning sensation in the chest, just behind the breastbone, and in the throat. A person may also experience an unpleasant taste in their mouth from stomach acid.
Certain foods, such as garlic,
This article discusses the relationship between garlic and acid reflux. It examines whether garlic can help reflux, the health benefits and risks of garlic, and how people use garlic. It also looks at conventional treatments for acid reflux.
Research into the effect of diet on acid reflux can yield contradictory results. This is because different foods cause or worsen symptoms in different people.
Garlic is one of the
Research indicates an association between alliums and increased acid reflux-related symptoms. Alliums include vegetables such as garlic, onions, leeks, and chives.
Effects of excessive garlic consumption
When consuming therapeutic doses of garlic, a small number of people may experience severe symptoms. Excessive consumption of garlic
The effects of black garlic
One 2019 study in rats compared the effects of raw garlic and black garlic on reflux esophagitis. Reflux esophagitis is the inflammation of the esophageal lining
The researchers found that black garlic may have a protective effect on reflux esophagitis. However, more research is necessary to confirm their findings.
Animal and human studies suggest that garlic may:
- enhance immune cell function, reducing the severity of cold and flu symptoms
- lower blood pressure in people with high blood pressure
- lower levels of total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol
- protect against cognitive decline associated with cell damage and aging
reduceoxidative stress that contributes to osteoporosis
- decrease pain severity in osteoarthritis
Although studies have shown promising results, more research is necessary before scientists will fully understand garlic’s potential.
Garlic is generally safe for most people to consume in the amounts they add to foods. However, some people
- bad breath
- unpleasant body odor
- upset stomach
Excessive garlic consumption may result in digestive side effects such as:
- gas and flatulence
- nausea and vomiting
- abdominal pain
- inflammation and ulceration of the stomach lining
People who take blood thinners such as warfarin should consult a healthcare professional before taking garlic supplements. This is because garlic supplements may increase the risk of bleeding.
Garlic supplements may also interfere with the effectiveness of some drugs and interact with dietary herbs and other supplements.
Garlic is a bulb with a covering of papery white skin. People can pull the bulb apart to expose the individual cloves inside. They can then peel a clove and crush, mince, or slice it to flavor various foods.
Many recipes include cooked fresh garlic, powdered garlic, or garlic oil. However, garlic is also safe to eat raw, and this form gives dishes a more intense flavor.
Garlic is also available as a dietary supplement or an extract to apply to the skin.
People can manage mild cases of acid reflux through lifestyle and dietary strategies such as:
- making efforts to maintain a moderate weight, if applicable
- quitting smoking tobacco, if necessary
- avoiding late evening meals
- avoiding lying down immediately after meals
- elevating the head while in bed
- increasing dietary fiber intake
avoiding or limitingfoods and drinks that have associations with acid reflux, such as acidic foods, alcohol, and high fat foods
People may need over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription medications to treat acid reflux and heartburn if lifestyle and dietary strategies do not resolve their symptoms. Doctors
- antacids such as calcium carbonate (Tums)
- H2 blockers such as famotidine (Pepcid) and cimetidine (Tagamet)
- proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) such as rabeprazole (Aciphex), esomeprazole (Nexium), and dexlansoprazole (Dexilant)
Garlic is present in many food products, and people add it to many recipes. Garlic is safe to consume in the amounts found in foods and may have several health benefits. However, garlic may not help acid reflux and may contribute to its development in some people.
Research indicates that allium vegetables, including garlic, may worsen acid reflux-related symptoms. These symptoms may be more apparent when people consume raw garlic.
People can try several lifestyle and dietary strategies to reduce their chances of experiencing acid reflux. OTC and prescription medications such as antacids, H2 blockers, and PPIs are available to treat the condition.