Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that affects the skin. People with psoriasis may have other health conditions present at the same time. These are called comorbidities.
Psoriasis is an immune-mediated condition that causes a
People with psoriasis often experience other conditions alongside it. These comorbidities share common links and associations with psoriasis.
This article will outline some common psoriasis comorbidities and explain what links them to the condition.
Although scientists do not fully understand what causes psoriasis, they believe that a person’s immune cells and genes can play a significant role. In psoriasis, T cells responsible for cell-mediated immunity release inflammatory cytokines, leading to a skin cell production overdrive.
Elevated cytokine levels due to a hyperactive immune system
People with psoriasis have an
According to a
People with psoriasis may experience a range of other health conditions, including:
If a person with psoriasis experiences symptoms of stiffness, swelling, and pain in the joints, they may have psoriatic arthritis (PsA). According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, about 3 in 10 people with psoriasis develop PsA.
Although it can occur at any age, it often appears in people aged 30–50 years. PsA
Psoriasis and diabetes are risk factors for each other. This means that a person with psoriasis may have an increased risk of developing diabetes and vice versa.
Cardiovascular disease comprises different conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels. According to a study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, people with psoriasis have up to a 50% higher chance of developing cardiovascular conditions such as ischemic stroke and heart attack.
Learn more about cardiovascular disease.
Metabolic syndrome is a group of medical conditions that affects a person’s metabolism and cardiovascular health.
Doctors may diagnose a person with metabolic syndrome if they have
Learn more about metabolic syndrome.
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a cardiovascular condition in which the force of the blood in the blood vessels is too high. People with psoriasis are
Research suggests that people with psoriasis may have high levels of angiotensin-converting enzymes, which contribute to elevated blood pressure.
Learn more about high blood pressure.
Anxiety and depression
Inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of conditions that causes inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. People primarily use IBD to refer to ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
Cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal cells rapidly multiply, destroying healthy tissues and organs.
Other related conditions
Other possible psoriasis comorbidities include:
In a 2021 study involving 128 people with psoriasis,
Although there is no cure for psoriasis, people can reduce their likelihood of developing comorbidities by getting an
Psoriasis is a complicated health condition with a vast number of potential comorbidities.
If a person has psoriasis, they should consult a doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment are usually the first steps toward preventing comorbidities.
A doctor can help rule out underlying medical conditions and work with the person to develop an individualized treatment plan.