A lack of access to treatment or an inability to follow a treatment plan can increase the likelihood of complications from schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia is a chronic mental health condition that can have several serious complications, particularly if a person does not receive treatment.
Though treatment can help people with schizophrenia live typical lives, several barriers may prevent a person from seeking or sticking with therapies.
Schizophrenia affects less than 1% of the population of the United States. A person with the disorder may experience symptoms such as:
- lack of motivation
- trouble with thinking
- disorganized speech
With treatment, most people can experience symptom relief. However, a person often needs to overcome barriers to treatment, such as:
- lack of access to healthcare
- difficulty committing to therapy
If a person does not receive appropriate treatment, they may be more likely to develop complications. Compared to people without schizophrenia, people with the condition
- a shorter average life span
- a greater chance of suicide
This article reviews the potential risks of a lack of treatment for schizophrenia and the potential barriers to successful treatment.
Schizophrenia can lead to several potential health complications, including:
- suicidal thoughts or actions
- further decline in cognitive functioning
- lower overall life expectancy
- increased risk of several possible health complications
Increased suicide risk
According to a 2016 review of studies, people with schizophrenia have a higher chance of attempting or dying by suicide within the first year after diagnosis. The risk slowly decreases over the years.
The researchers also note that people with the highest chance of suicide include those who:
- have attempted or thought about it in the past
- lack friends or strong social support
- experience severe psychotic symptoms
- use substances, including alcohol and recreational drugs
- have higher cognitive functioning prior to diagnosis
Decline in cognitive functioning
The researchers noted that additional studies, particularly in low and middle income countries, are necessary to help determine the exact effect of schizophrenia on cognitive abilities.
Lower overall life expectancy
They noted that the lowest life expectancy averages came from Asia and Africa. This could imply that access to appropriate care may play a role in life expectancy.
Increased risk of health complications
Lower overall life expectancy may have a link to the development of other health conditions.
For example, according to a
This is because antipsychotic medications increase the risk of metabolic disorders and heart disease.
Several factors may prevent a person with schizophrenia from receiving treatment that can help them live an otherwise typical life.
The potential issues include personal choice and difficulty accessing proper healthcare.
Lack of access to healthcare
Modern treatments can help a person with schizophrenia manage their symptoms, but not everyone has access to the appropriate level of care.
There is no cure for schizophrenia, but therapies can help significantly. Treatment typically consists of taking antipsychotic medication and participating in psychotherapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy.
Several factors may prevent a person from consistently adhering to treatment, such as:
- the decision not to take medications
- substance use
- the potential for side effects
Personal choice: The decision to take medication
In some cases, a person may choose not to take their medications.
First generation antipsychotics
The potential side effects may influence a person’s decision to not take the medications at all.
Family and friends may be able to convince or even force a person to take medications, but doing so may be difficult. Additionally, it is unclear whether it is legal to force medications on those who do not want to take them. Some analysis
Other difficulties in taking medication
A person with schizophrenia may have other issues with taking medications or following through on therapy in general. Though everyone is different, potential issues include:
- recurrence of symptoms
- lack of support from family or friends
- lack of consistent psychotherapy sessions
- misuse of substances
Untreated schizophrenia may increase the risks of complications for the person. Several factors, such as personal choices, lack of support from family or friends, and lack of access to health care, can affect a person’s treatment.
Without proper treatment, a person with schizophrenia may have a lower life expectancy, an increased risk of health complications, and a higher risk of suicide.