Consuming milk may be a risk factor for prostate cancer. Some health experts suggest people avoid or limit milk and dairy products. However, there are other factors that can increase a person’s risk of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is the
This article explores research on the link between prostate cancer and milk and whether there are any health benefits of drinking milk for people with prostate cancer. It also discusses risk factors and treatment for prostate cancer and when to contact a doctor.
A note about sex and gender
Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article will use the terms “male,” “female,” or both to refer to sex assigned at birth. Click here to learn more.
However, when looking at skim milk versus full-fat milk, the researchers were unclear if the fat or other milk components might cause the increased risk of developing prostate cancer. Other scientists have evaluated the link between estrogen in milk and prostate cancer, and the authors suggest this requires further research.
The review authors concluded that while the study findings were inconclusive, doctors may recommend that people at higher risk of prostate cancer limit or reduce their milk consumption, especially high-fat milk.
Some people may be concerned that they will not obtain beneficial nutrients if they limit their milk consumption to reduce their risk of prostate cancer.
If people wish to reduce milk in their diet to reduce their risk of prostate cancer, they can obtain nutrients such as calcium, zinc, and selenium from other foods.
People can also include other
Therefore, someone with prostate cancer does not need to consume milk to obtain certain nutrients as long as they eat a healthy and varied diet. A healthcare professional can offer advice for modifying the diet safely.
The NCI advises that, in addition to dairy products and calcium, the
- Age: The risk increases with age, and the condition is less common in males under 50 years.
- Genetics: People with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to develop the condition. Additionally, prostate cancer occurs more often in African American males than white males.
- Hormones: Testosterone becomes dihydrotestosterone (DHT) after interacting with an enzyme. DHT may play a part in prostate enlargement and prostate cancer development.
- Vitamin E: A study found that taking vitamin E alone increased the risk of developing prostate cancer.
- Folic acid: Some research suggests that taking too much folic acid, which is a synthetic version of folate, may be a risk factor for developing prostate cancer.
Treatment options may include the following:
If someone experiences any symptoms of prostate cancer, especially if they have a family history of the disease, they should speak with a doctor as soon as possible.
After diagnosis, a healthcare professional can monitor the disease’s development and recommend appropriate treatment.
Consuming milk and other dairy products may be a risk factor for developing prostate cancer. Scientists have not concluded which type of milk may be the most harmful and are unsure if the fat content, calcium, or other compounds in milk contribute to prostate cancer development.
People may wish to limit their milk consumption with guidance from a healthcare professional. Anyone with prostate cancer symptoms should speak with a doctor.