In week 24 of your pregnancy, your baby continues to mature and develop, and as with other earlier weeks, week 24 is no exception when it comes to developmental strides.
During week 24, your baby's reflexes are improving and he or she has a fully formed adorable little face.1,2
This MNT Knowledge Center feature is part of a series of articles on pregnancy. It provides a summary of each stage of pregnancy, what to expect, and insights into how your baby is developing. Take a look at the other articles in the series:
You will also see introductions at the end of some sections to any recent developments that have been covered by MNT's news stories. Also look out for links to information about related conditions.
Symptoms at 24 weeks pregnant
In addition to weight gain and a growing belly, at this stage of your pregnancy you may continue to experience physical pregnancy symptoms.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a painful condition occurring when the median nerve in the wrist becomes compressed.
These symptoms commonly include:1
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Red palms and soles of feet
- Lower abdominal aching
- Leg cramps
- Blurry vision
- Swollen feet and ankles.
Be aware that pregnancy increases the risk of urinary tract infections from week 6 to week 24, so if your symptoms are not simply from the pregnancy and you suspect an infection, speak with a health care provider about treatment.3
Your hormones at 24 weeks pregnant
Throughout your pregnancy, you will experience variations in certain hormones that contribute to many of the pregnancy symptoms you may experience.
Following implantation of the fertilized egg, your body begins to secrete a hormone called human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) - the hormone used to detect pregnancy. This hormone is also responsible for regulating estrogen and progesterone and contributes to frequent urination.3
Initially produced by the corpus luteum, progesterone rises throughout your pregnancy and continues to do so until the birth of your baby. In early pregnancy, progesterone is responsible for increasing uterine blood flow, establishing the placenta and stimulating the growth and nutrient production of the endometrium (lining of the uterus).3
Progesterone also plays a crucial role in fetal development, preventing premature labor and lactation, as well as strengthening the pelvic wall muscles to prepare your body for labor.
In addition to progesterone, the placenta is vital in secreting important hormones during your pregnancy such as:3
- Human placental lactogen: this hormone is believed to be responsible for mammary gland growth which will be important for lactation following the birth of your baby. Additionally, it plays a role in increasing nutrient levels in your blood, which is vital to the growth and development of your baby.
- Corticotrophin-releasing hormone: this hormone is not only responsible for determining how long you will be pregnant, but also for your baby's growth and development. Later in pregnancy, the rise in both corticotrophin-releasing hormone and cortisol both completes fetal organ development and provides the mother with a surge of cortisol that has been linked with maternal attentiveness, increasing the mother-baby bond.
Another vital hormone in pregnancy is estrogen, which is responsible for fetal organ development, placental growth and function and mammary gland growth. Additionally, estrogen is needed for the regulation of other hormones produced during pregnancy.4
Because of the rise in progesterone and estrogen, you may experience some unpleasant pregnancy symptoms such as mood swings and morning sickness. Another hormone, relaxin, can cause physical symptoms such as pelvic pain, balance difficulties and constipation due to its role in relaxing maternal muscles, ligaments and joints.4
Screening tests at 24 weeks pregnant
You will likely be hearing a lot about gestational diabetes at this point in your pregnancy and your doctor will likely be planning on screening you for the condition.
At week 24 of pregnancy, your baby's auditory and visual systems will have been activated.
Low- and average-risk women will be tested between weeks 24 and 28. During the initial glucose challenge test, you will be asked to drink a sugary solution that is syrupy in texture. You will need to have a blood test after 1 hour to determine your blood sugar level.1,5
A normal result is below 130-140 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 7.2-7.8 millimoles per liter (mmol/L).5 If your results are abnormal, you will require a follow-up glucose tolerance test which will require overnight fasting.
During the follow-up screening test, you will undergo a blood test to check your sugar following the fasting period.
After the blood test, you will be asked to drink a sugary drink which has more sugar than the drink in the initial phase of testing. During this test, your blood sugar will be tested hourly for 3 hours; gestational diabetes is diagnosed if two of the three blood results show higher than normal glucose levels.5
Baby's development at 24 weeks pregnant
At 24 weeks pregnant, there are many changes in your baby's development.
Developments that are underway include:1,2
- Head and neck: auditory and visual systems are activated by fetal brain waves; lips and mouth are increasingly sensitive; vision is improving with responses to light; permanent teeth buds are high in the gums
- Lungs: the baby's alveoli are developed; lungs produce surfactant which prevents the lungs' tissues from sticking together
- Other: rapid fetal weight gain.
Lifestyle changes at 24 weeks pregnant
As with earlier weeks, you will soon find out that there are many lifestyle modifications which need to be made during pregnancy and even after delivery.
During pregnancy, you will need to take care of yourself and your developing baby. Be sure not to drink alcohol or smoke during pregnancy, and avoid all other toxic substances such as drugs during this time.
Be sure to discuss all medications you are taking with your health care provider to ensure that you should continue use during your pregnancy.6
To nourish yourself and your baby, make sure you eat a healthy diet and take a good prenatal vitamin.
Another way to maintain your health during pregnancy is to get regular exercise. Speak with your health care provider about your current or desired exercise regimen to make sure it is safe.6
While it is safe to eat fish during pregnancy, it is recommended that you limit your intake to 8-12 oz. of fish and shellfish per week.3,7,8
Some examples of fish that are safe to consume during pregnancy include shrimp, salmon, canned light tuna (note: mercury varies can to can), pollock, cod, catfish and anchovies.3,8 If you plan on eating albacore tuna and tuna steak, it is recommended that you limit consuming this fish to 6 oz. per week.7,8
Avoid eating shark, swordfish, tilefish and king mackerel while pregnant, as they contain high levels of mercury which can be harmful to your baby's brain and nervous system.7 If eating fish from a non-commercial source - a fish you or your family caught, for example - be sure to check with the local health authorities that the waters in which it was caught are safe.7
Always make sure your food is fully cooked and not raw or undercooked. Also avoid uncooked smoked or pickled fish.7 Additionally, it is important to avoid unpasteurized soft cheese, refrigerated pâté, raw or undercooked meat and poultry, cold cut deli meat, foods containing raw eggs (Caesar dressing, etc.) and unpasteurized juice, milk and eggnog.7
Need a boost? Caffeine is OK during pregnancy but should be consumed in moderation. Try to keep your caffeine consumption from all sources at or below 300 milligrams daily.7
Baby's size at 24 weeks pregnant
At week 24 of pregnancy, your baby will have grown to the size of an ear of corn.
Your baby is now the size of an ear of corn, measuring over 8 inches long and weighing more than a pound.1,2
If you have questions regarding your pregnancy, be sure to contact your health care provider.
Call your doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage such as vaginal bleeding or passage of tissue, leaking vaginal fluid, feeling faint or dizzy, low blood pressure, rectal pressure, shoulder pain and severe pelvic pain or cramping.
Over 100 years ago, nearly all births in the US happened outside of a hospital, but by 1940, only 44% of births occurred this way, with the rate falling to just 1% by 1969. Now, a new study shows support for home births, suggesting they pose no increased risk of harm to the baby, compared with planned hospital births.