People with diabetes tend to experience mild side effects from COVID-19 vaccination. However, it is important that individuals above a certain age with diabetes receive a COVID-19 vaccine as they have an increased risk of serious complications from the disease.
Younger people living with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have a
In general, people with diabetes across all age groups are
Read on to learn more about COVID-19 vaccines and type 2 diabetes here.
Where a person lives determines the vaccine they will receive, as different countries worldwide offer different vaccines to their populations.
In the United States, the
- BioNTech-Pfizer (Pfizer)
- Janssen (Johnson & Johnson)
A person receives two doses of this vaccine 21 days apart.
Doctors administer the doses as shots in the upper arm.
People who are
Some people may need three doses of the vaccine if they have any underlying health conditions.
If a person with type 2 diabetes wants to know if they will need three doses, they can speak with their doctor.
Scientists recommend the Johnson & Johnson vaccine for people who are
While experiencing anxiety is normal after receiving a shot, about 8 out of 100,000 doses of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine result in fainting.
However, people with needle phobias may choose Johnson & Johnson over Pfizer and Moderna because they only need one shot, which could explain this phenomenon.
Mild vaccine side effects are usually not a cause for concern, as the symptoms
Side effects in the arm include:
- mild pain
- skin darkening
- mild swelling
General side effects include:
- muscle pain
People with diabetes may note higher blood sugars for a few days after vaccination. This is due to the blood sugar rising in response to the mild, temporary inflammation that the vaccine triggers. Individuals experiencing this should contact a doctor if they have concerns.
If someone has type 1 or type 2 diabetes, they are more likely to experience severe COVID-19 complications compared to the general population.
People with additional chronic conditions, such as heart disease and obesity, may also need extra care while recovering from COVID-19.
In general, anyone living with diabetes and any diabetes-related complications is at risk of developing more serious COVID-19 symptoms.
If anyone believes they have COVID-19 symptoms, it is important they do not panic as stress
The best action to take is to call a doctor and give them the following information:
- glucose reading
- ketone reading
- how much fluid they are consuming
- description of COVID-19 symptoms
It is also a good idea to ask a doctor for practical advice on managing blood sugar while dealing with COVID-19 symptoms. This is because every individual is different, and what works well for some may not for others.
At the moment, there is no information suggesting insulin or other diabetes medications affect how well the vaccines work.
Because so many people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes vary in age and health, it is important they contact their doctor urgently if they begin to feel very unwell.
A person should notice milder symptoms, such as arm pain or fatigue, ease off within
If a person’s tongue is swelling or they are breaking out in hives, this
Please note that these serious side effects are
People with type 2 diabetes
At the moment, there is no evidence suggesting diabetes medications reduce the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccinations.
Anyone with type 2 diabetes should contact a doctor if vaccine side effects, such as arm swelling and pain, do not resolve after 24 hours of receiving the vaccine.