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Many different types of mattress exist, and some may be more beneficial than others.

No guidelines exist for choosing a mattress, and most recommendations come from people’s own experiences.

Keep reading to learn more about how to choose a mattress.

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Some companies offer a trial period, allowing people to return the mattress if it does not suit them.

Mattresses are categorized in different ways, such as by size, material, and firmness. Mattress dimensions may vary from country to country.


The following table will list the different mattress sizes and their dimensions in inches (in).

Twin38 in x 75 in
Twin XL38 in x 80 in
Full54 in x 75 in
Queen60 in x 80 in
King76 in x 80 in
California King72 in x 84 in

Researchers suggest that different mattress parameters can have a significant impact on sleep comfort.

The sections below will look at the materials and firmness options available.


The type of material a mattress uses may also influence sleep comfort. Different mattress materials include:

To combine the benefits of individual mattress types, some manufacturers design hybrid mattresses that have both springs and memory foam or latex.


Mattresses can be any of the following:

  • soft
  • medium-firm
  • firm
  • custom-inflated

One review found that a mattress that people identify as medium-firm or custom-inflated is optimal for comfort, sleep quality, and spinal alignment.

The following tables will compare various mattresses for different benefits.

For comfort

People define comfort in different ways. The most comfortable mattress for one person depends on their preferences.

Limited studies suggest that medium-firm mattresses may be the most comfortable option for people with low back pain.

The following table compares three different medium-firm mattresses for comfort.

DreamCloud Luxury Medium Hybrid MattressLinenspa 8 Inch Memory Foam and Innerspring Hybrid MattressNectar Memory Foam Mattress
MaterialHas memory foam and springsHas memory foam and springsHas memory foam
Top layerUses quilted foam and cashmere to help users stay cozy and coolUses quilted foamUses quilted, cooling Tencel that is soft and airy

These mattresses are available for purchase online:

Shop for DreamCloud Luxury Medium Hybrid Mattress.

Shop for Linenspa 8 Inch Memory Foam and Innerspring Hybrid Mattress.

Shop for Nectar Memory Foam Mattress.

For pain relief

People with pain, particularly in the lower back, may have difficulty sleeping because of their mattress. No guidelines exist on how to choose a mattress to prevent or improve back pain, however.

The following table lists some mattresses that may help relieve or prevent back pain.

Helix Midnight MattressWinkBeds MemoryLux MattressBirch Natural Mattress
MaterialHas memory foam, Helix Dynamic foam, and wrapped springsHas AirCell foam, zoned progression, and Atlas Core foamHas natural Talalay latex and individually wrapped springs
Top coverUses a soft-touch design cover with light stretch optimized for airflowUses a eucalyptus-derived Tencel cover that helps users feel cool and dryUses breathable organic cotton with subtle stretch and a soft touch

These mattresses are available for purchase online:

Shop for Helix Midnight Mattress.

Shop for WinkBeds MemoryLux Mattress.

Shop for Birch Natural Mattress.

For sex

Some important considerations to make when choosing a mattress for sex include bounciness, edge control, and noise.

Bounciness is more prominent in spring mattresses than foam mattresses. Latex mattresses may fall in the middle.

To minimize sounds coming from the mattress, it may be best to avoid spring mattresses.

Edge control helps prevent falling off the bed. Manufacturers provide edge support in the mattress with springs or ensure thicker memory foam at the bed’s edges.

The following table lists three mattresses that may be better suited for sex.

Saatva Loom & Leaf MattressTuft & Needle Mint MattressNectar Memory Foam Mattress
BounceIs bouncy despite the lack of springsHas plenty of bounce despite having no springsHas plenty of bounce despite the three layers of memory foam
NoiseIs made from premium memory foam, which will not make any sound with movementDoes not contain springs Is made from memory foam, which will not make any sound with movement
Edge controlHas no additional edge supportHas 4 in of extra-firm foam at the edges for extra edge supportHas no additional edge support

These mattresses are available for purchase online:

Shop for Saatva Loom & Leaf Mattress.

Shop for Tuft & Needle Mint Mattress.

Shop for Nectar Memory Foam Mattress.

For longevity

If a mattress is no longer comfortable, or if a person is experiencing body aches or difficulty sleeping, they may wish to consider changing their mattress.

Sometimes, flipping or rotating the mattress once or twice per year can help distribute the wear and tear and prolong its life span. People should read the directions on their mattress, however, as some should not be flipped.

Depending on the material, the life span of mattresses differs. Manufacturers suggest that air and spring mattresses have the shortest life span, while mattresses containing latex have the longest.

The following table lists five mattresses with long life spans.

Beautyrest Black MattressSerta Perfect Sleeper Kleinmon II MattressSealy Response Performance MattressSaatva Classic MattressNectar Memory Foam Mattress
Warranty10 years10 years10 years15 yearsForever
FlipNo flipNo flipNo flipNo flip (rotating suggested)No flip

These mattresses are available for purchase online:

Shop for Beautyrest Black Mattress.

Shop for Serta Perfect Sleeper Kleinmon II Mattress.

Shop for Sealy Response Performance Mattress.

Shop for Saatva Classic Mattress.

Shop for Nectar Memory Foam Mattress.

Temperature control is another important consideration for getting better sleep. Currently, the available evidence regarding the appropriate temperature for a mattress is insufficient, but some experts recommend warmer temperatures.

Mattress maintenance and hygiene are other considerations to make when caring for a mattress. For example, dust mites can collect in mattresses because they provide the ideal temperature, food, and moisture for their growth and development.

One study investigated the presence of dust mites in foam and spring mattresses. It found a higher percentage of mites in foam mattresses. The researchers suggest replacing foam mattresses with spring mattresses to reduce exposure to dust mite allergens.

Good mattress maintenance and hygiene are necessary for a healthy sleeping environment. People should refer to the instructions on their mattress for more information on maintenance.

Choosing the best mattress can be a daunting task, as different types have different benefits. Currently, no guidelines exist on the best mattress for each person’s needs. Some mattress types share benefits with others, as well.

There are several considerations to make when choosing a mattress, including comfort, pain relief, and temperature control. Choosing the best mattress may require several trial periods with different brands.